Red Sandalwood “Lal Chandan”- Plant
The Red Sandalwood plant, formally known as Pterocarpus santalinus, is a fascinating species prized for its vividly colored heartwood, which has aromatic and medicinal characteristics. This tree species is a member of the legume family and is found predominantly in India, Indonesia, and Australia.
Originating in India and certain regions of Southeast Asia, the Red Sandalwood plant holds value due to its deep-red heartwood. People use this heartwood in traditional medicine, woodworking, and as a natural dye. This deciduous tree blooms with small yellow flowers and features pinnate leaves.
The valuable characteristic of the plant lies in its heartwood, which houses compounds employed in a range of applications within Ayurvedic medicine. The heartwood generates a scarlet dye often applied in textiles and religious rituals. It’s crucial to emphasize that the Red Sandalwood tree is subject to high demand, driving illegal logging activities and prompting conservation efforts to protect this invaluable species.
- Location: Plant in a sunny or partially shaded spot, ensuring it gets adequate sunlight.
- Soil: Use well-draining soil with good fertility. A mix of garden soil and compost is suitable.
- Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water more during the growing season and reduce in winter.
- Fertilizing: Feed with a balanced fertilizer during the growing months (spring and summer) to support healthy growth.
- Pruning: Trim dead or diseased branches to promote new growth and maintain the plant’s shape.