Kassod, Cassia siamea | Senna siamea- Tree
Cassia siamea, also known as Siamese cassia or Thai cassia, is a deciduous tree found in Southeast Asia. It has compound leaves, and yellow fragrant flowers, and is commonly used for landscaping and timber. It also has medicinal uses.
The tree has a straight trunk with a grayish-brown bark that tends to crack and peel with age. The leaves are compound, with 6-8 pairs of leaflets that are elliptical in shape and about 3-6 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow and appear in clusters at the ends of branches. They are fragrant and attract bees, butterflies, and birds.
Features of Senna siamea
- Height: It can grow up to 30 to 50 feet, tall, making it a relatively large tree.
- Leaves: The tree’s leaves are large and dark green, with a pinnate structure consisting of many small leaflets arranged in a feather-like pattern.
- Bark: The tree’s bark is smooth and grayish, with occasional horizontal fissures.
- Flowers: It produces bright yellow flowers that are fragrant and bloom in clusters during the rainy season.
- Pods: The tree produces long, slender pods that are filled with seeds and can grow up to 60 cm in length.
- Habitat: Cassia siamea is native to Southeast Asia and can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and riverbanks.
- Ecological value: Cassia siamea is an important tree for the environment, as it provides habitat and food for a variety of animals, including birds and insects. It also helps to prevent soil erosion and plays a role in nutrient cycling.
How to care Cassia siamea
- Water the tree regularly, but avoid over-watering or waterlogging the soil.
- Apply a balanced fertilizer every 3-4 months during the growing season.
- Prune the tree in late winter or early spring to remove dead or damaged branches.
- Monitor the tree for pests and diseases and treat them promptly if necessary.
- Plant the tree in a location that receives full sun.
- Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
- Propagate the tree by planting the seeds in well-draining soil and watering regularly until established.