Chinese Privet, Ligustrum sinense Tree
- Common name: Privet of China
- Family: Oleaceae
- Genus: Ligustrum
- Species: L. sinense
- Origins: China
The Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, is a plant that is well known to many people as a great nuisance in the landscape. It is also a Florida noxious weed because of its invasive nature.
Originally grown as an ornamental that formed a hedge and tolerated poor conditions, the Chinese privet has now spread to natural areas and grows easily on disturbed soils.
Chinese privet reaches a height of about 4 m. It easily creates a dense, shaded area. It is ideal for hedges, screens, or as an isolated specimen.
- The Ligustrum sinense plant is a shrub with semi-persistent foliage, curved branches, and elliptical-oblong or lanceolate leaves, of a pale green color, up to 7 cm long.
- In mid-summer, covered with sickly-sweet small white flowers., collected in panicles up to 10 cm long, followed by globose.
- Plants are full of white fragrant flowers (unpleasant to some people) in the spring with abundant small black-purple fruits forming in late summer and remaining into the winter.
- Seeds are easily spread by wildlife to new areas but new plants can also grow from roots.
- The trunk is usually forked near the base. The bark is a smooth gray with lenticels. The shade under a Chinese Privet is often so dense that almost nothing can grow underneath it.
|Sunlight||Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)|
Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
|Watering||Water when soil seems dry. The mature chinese privet is somewhat drought tolerant and therefore they requires less water.|
|Soil||Chinese privet grows well in slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soils, with a suitable pH range of 6-7.5. It is best planted in deep, fertile, humus-rich, well-drained sandy loam or clay, adaptable to soil and has a certain tolerance to salt and alkali.|
|Temperature||20 to 30 degrees C|
|Fertilizer||Chinese privet does not have high requirements for fertilization. You can apply organic fertilizer twice each spring and autumn to encourage lush foliage and bright leaves.|
PROPAGATING BY CUTTINGS
FROM EARLY SPRING TO EARLY SUMMER
Take softwood cuttings from new growth early in the day in Spring or early Summer. Cut, neatly, a 4″ approx. piece of a non-flowering shoot, pinch out the tip, and cut off the bottom leaves. Dip the bottom of the cutting in hormone rooting powder, and carefully place it in a pot of cutting compost with the leaves just above the level of the compost. Water, label, cover with a polythene bag, and place in a warm, bright place, out of direct sunlight.
- Leaf Color: Green, Feel Glossy, Arrangement: Opposite
- Plant Type: Poisonous, Shrub, Tree
- Wildlife Value: Birds are attracted to the fruit.
- Stem Color: Gold/YellowGray/Silver
- Fruit Color: Black, Berry
- Flower Color: White